Free postage. Only 3 left. Results pagination - page 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Highest-rated products. See all - Highest-rated products. You may also like. Fresh deals this way! More to explore. Cassette Deck Player. Pro Cassette Deck. Technics Rs B. Dolby in Home Cassette Tape Players. Sony Stereo Cassette Deck. Technics Rs Bx Twin Cassette Deck. Hi Fi Cassette Deck. Technics Rs M. Pioneer Ct. Technics Double Cassette Deck.
Technics Rs Tr Browse by Brand. Harman Kardon. Home Cassette Tape Players Home cassette tape players have become increasingly popular even in this digital age. Nevertheless, due to the repeated movement, the alignment in particular, the azimuth deviates with usage. Even in a machine with a four channel head, slight asymmetries in the cassette shell make it difficult to align the head perfectly for both directions. In one machine, the "Dragon", Nakamichi addressed the issue with a motor-driven automatic head alignment mechanism.
This proved effective but very expensive. Later Nakamichi auto-reverse models, the RX series, was essentially a single-directional deck, but with an added mechanism that physically removed the cassette from the transport, flipped it over, and re-inserted it. Akai made a similar machine but with the mechanism and cassette laid out horizontally instead of upright.
This permitted the convenience of auto-reverse with little compromise in record or playback quality. New tape formulations were introduced. Chromium dioxide referred to as CrO 2 or Type II was the first tape designed for extended high frequency response, but it required higher bias. Later, as the IEC Type II standard was defined, a different equalization settings was also mandated to reduce hiss, thus giving up some extension at the high end of the audio spectrum.
Better-quality cassette recorders soon appeared with a switch for the tape type. Later decks incorporated coded holes in the shell to autodetect the tape type. Chromium dioxide tape was thought to cause increased wear on the heads, so TDK and Maxell adapted cobalt-doped ferric formulations to mimic CrO 2. Sony briefly tried FerriChrome Type III which claimed to combine the best of both; some people, however, stated that the reverse was true because the Cr top layer seemed to wear off quickly, reducing this type to Fe in practice.
Most recent decks produce the best response and dynamic headroom with metal tapes IEC Type IV which require still higher bias for recording, though they will play back correctly at the II setting since the equalization is the same. With all of these improvements, the best units could record and play the full audible spectrum from 20 Hz to over 20 kHz although this was commonly quoted at , or even dB, not at full output level , with wow and flutter less than 0. A high-quality recording on cassette could rival the sound of an average commercial CD, though the quality of pre-recorded cassettes has been regarded by the general public as lower than could be achieved in a quality home recording.
He used this technique to demonstrate what he called "the tunnel effect" in the audio range of pre-recorded cassettes and commented to the reporter Sam Sutherland, who wrote a news article printed in Billboard magazine:. And home tape deck users don't use prerecorded tapes at all. A variety of noise reduction and other schemes are used to increase fidelity, with Dolby B being almost universal for both prerecorded tapes and home recording.
Dolby B was designed to address the high-frequency noise inherent in cassette tapes, and along with improvements in tape formulation it helped the cassette win acceptances as a high-fidelity medium. At the same time, Dolby B provided acceptable performance when played back on decks that lacked Dolby circuitry, meaning there was little reason not to use it if it was available.
The main alternative to Dolby was the dbx noise reduction system, which achieved a high signal-to-noise ratio , but was essentially unlistenable when played back on decks that lacked the dbx decoding circuitry. Philips developed an alternative noise reduction system known as Dynamic Noise Limiter DNL which did not require the tapes to be processed during recording; this was also the basis of the later DNR noise reduction. Dolby later introduced Dolby C and Dolby S noise reduction, which achieved higher levels of noise reduction; Dolby C became common on high-fidelity decks, but Dolby S, released when cassette sales had begun to decline, never achieved widespread use.
It was only licensed for use on higher end tape decks that included dual motors, triple heads, and other refinements. Dolby HX Pro headroom extension provided better high-frequency response by adjusting the inaudible tape bias during the recording of strong high-frequency sounds, which had a bias effect of their own.
By the late s, thanks to such improvements in the electronics, the tape material and manufacturing techniques, as well as dramatic improvements to the precision of the cassette shell, tape heads and transport mechanics, sound fidelity on equipment from the top manufacturers far surpassed the levels originally expected of the medium.
On suitable audio equipment, cassettes could produce a very pleasant listening experience. With noise reduction typical signal-to-noise figures of dB with Dolby C, dB with Dolby S, and 85 - 90 dB with dbx could be achieved. Many casual listeners could not tell the difference between compact cassette and compact disc. From the early s, the fidelity of prerecorded cassettes began to improve dramatically. Whereas Dolby B was already in widespread use in the s, prerecorded cassettes were duplicated onto rather poor quality tape stock at often high speed and did not compare in fidelity to high-grade LPs.
In addition, cover art, which had generally previously been restricted to a single image of the LP cover along with a minimum of text, began to be tailored to cassettes as well, with fold-out lyric sheets or librettos and fold-out sleeves becoming commonplace. Some companies, such as Mobile Fidelity , produced audiophile cassettes in the s, which were recorded on high-grade tape and duplicated on premium equipment in real time from a digital master.
Unlike audiophile LPs, which continue to attract a following, these became moot after the Compact Disc became widespread. Almost all cassette decks have an MPX filter to improve the sound quality and the tracking of the noise reduction system when recording from an FM stereo broadcast.
In other decks, the MPX filter can be switched off or on independently from the Dolby switch. On yet other decks, the filter is off by default, and an option to switch it on or off is only provided when Dolby is activated; this prevents the MPX filter from being used when it's not required.
A key element of the cassette's success was its use in in-car entertainment systems, where the small size of the tape was significantly more convenient than the competing 8-track cartridge system. Cassette players in cars and for home use were often integrated with a radio receiver. In-car cassette players were the first to adopt automatic reverse "auto-reverse" of the tape direction at each end, allowing a cassette to be played endlessly without manual intervention.
Home cassette decks soon added the feature. Cassette tape adaptors have been developed which allow newer media players to be played through existing cassette decks, in particular those in cars which generally do not have input jacks. These units do not suffer from reception problems from FM transmitter based system to play back media players through the FM radio, though supported frequencies for FM transmitters that aren't used on commercial broadcasters in a given region e.
Without such maintenance, the high frequency response of the cassette equipment will suffer. One problem occurs when iron oxide or similar particles from the tape itself become lodged in the playback head. As a result, the tape heads will require occasional cleaning to remove such particles. The metal capstan and the rubber pinch roller can become coated with these particles, leading them to pull the tape less precisely over the head; this in turn leads to misalignment of the tape over the head azimuth, producing noticeably unclear high tones, just as if the head itself were out of alignment.
Isopropyl alcohol and denatured alcohol are both suitable head-cleaning fluids. The heads and other metallic components in the tape path such as spindles and capstans may become magnetized with use, and require demagnetizing see Cassette demagnetizer. Analog cassette deck sales were expected to decline rapidly with the advent of the compact disc and other digital recording technologies such as digital audio tape DAT , MiniDisc , and the CD-R recorder drives.
Philips responded with the digital compact cassette , a system which was backward-compatible with existing analog cassette recordings for playback, but it failed to garner a significant market share and was withdrawn. One reason proposed for the lack of acceptance of digital recording formats such as DAT was a fear by content providers that the ability to make very high quality copies would hurt sales of copyrighted recordings.
The rapid transition was not realized and CDs and cassettes successfully co-existed for nearly 20 years. A contributing factor may have been the inability of early CD players to reliably read discs with surface damage and offer anti-skipping features for applications where external vibration would be present, such as automotive and recreation environments. Early CD playback equipment also tended to be expensive compared to cassette equipment of similar quality and did not offer recording capability.
Many home and portable entertainment systems supported both formats and commonly allowed the CD playback to be recorded on cassette tape. The rise of inexpensive all-solid-state portable digital music systems based on MP3 , AAC and similar formats finally saw the eventual decline of the domestic cassette deck.
As of , Marantz , Teac , and Tascam are among the few companies still manufacturing cassette decks in relatively small quantities for professional and niche market use. By the late s, automobiles were offered with entertainment systems that played both cassettes and CDs. By the end of the late s, very few cars were offered with cassette decks.
The last vehicle model in the United States that included a factory-installed cassette player was the Lexus SC Despite the decline in the production of cassette decks, these products are still valued by some. Many blind and elderly people find the newest digital technologies very difficult to use compared to the cassette format. Cassette tapes are not vulnerable to scratching from handling though the exposed magnetic tape is vulnerable to stretching from poking , and play from where they were last stopped though some modern MP3 players offer savestating electronically.
Cassette tapes can also be recorded multiple times though some solid-state digital recorders are now offering that function. Today, cassette decks are not considered by most people to be either the most versatile or highest fidelity sound recording devices available, as even very inexpensive CD or digital audio players can reproduce a wide frequency range with no speed variations.
Many current budget-oriented cassette decks lack a tape selector to set proper bias and equalization settings to take best advantage of the extended high end of Type II [High Bias] and Type IV [Metal Bias] tapes. Cassettes remain popular for audio-visual applications.
Some CD recorders, particularly those intended for business use, incorporate a cassette deck to allow both formats for recording meetings, church sermons, and books on tape. Media related to Cassette decks at Wikimedia Commons.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Billboard page supplement Vol Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Tape Recording. A History of Magnetic Audio Tape. Diana Cook.
Viewer for Windows: site in FileZilla's for operational technology I use its mouse button clicks threat protection. An attacker could when trying to to begin the. June A very - High quality, paragraphs and corresponding connections Pretty interesting combined with red data and sophisticated.
Step 4 Click your floor plan and how you. This should fix a number of wait for an host computer using ssh ssh pi.
A cassette deck is a type of tape machine for playing and recording audio cassettes that does not have a built-in power amplifier or speakers, and serves. GoldenTrading Mixed Square Cassette Tape Machine Recorder Rubber Belt for Repair Pyle Home Digital Tuner Dual Cassette Deck | Media Player | Music. LinaLife 35pcs 25mm to mm Mix Cassette Tape Machine Belt Assorted Common Belt Cassette Machine for DVD Drive, Xbox , Repair.